Introduction

Caesar's Civil War was one of the last politico-military struggles in the Roman Republic before the foundation of the Roman Empire.

Who was Caesar?

Caesar, Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica was born in 58 BC in the Roman province of Etruria. He was the son of Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica, consul in 23 BC. Scipio Nasica became consul the next year (24 BC), serving alongside Publius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus. Scipio Nasica and Asiaticus had become friends during their shared military service. Upon returning to Rome, both Scipio Nasica and Asiaticus attempted to secure the appointment of their sons as future consuls. Scipio Nasica first proposed his son Publius Cornelius Scipio Nasica to be consul in his stead. Asiaticus, however, maintained his nomination of his son Publius Cornelius Scipio Asiaticus, who became consul in 30 BC.

Who else fought in the Civil War?

In 146 BC, Caesar launched his campaign in Spain. He commanded a strong army consisting of 1,500 Roman troops, several legions of allied Celt tribes, and thousands of Gauls, among them the 5,000-strong Boudan army (Banebeg army). The leaders of the invading army included Vodianeus and Fabius Maximus, whom Caesar later considered his best generals. Caesar arrived to the Balearic Islands on the first day of the campaign. His forces were slaughtered by his forces, which had been sent to negotiate. After this defeat, Caesar sailed to Sicily and defeated King Calpurnius in a battle in 132 BC. The King fell dead at the foot of his shield while a prisoner, and Caesar's last opponent surrendered. It is rumored that Caesar was about to meet the same fate.

What was the result of the war?

Caesar was declared victorious after his forces defeated the republican forces and put an end to the war. However, he did not take power, but had to wait for the senate to grant him the rank of emperor after he suffered injuries in the battle. Was the Civil War about taxation or about democracy? Caesar had proposed a constitutional reform that had been supported by the senate. But the republican forces and the democratic party turned against him and the forces of the pro-republican oligarchy and supported Pompey, who was one of Caesar's opponents during the Roman Republic. What was the only way out of the war? The only possible way out of the war was a negotiated peace that needed the approval of both the senate and the people. What is the myth of Julius Caesar?

What did it change?

Like almost all modern ideas regarding the Roman Empire, this modern understanding was gradually developed over time, with the first full and detailed description being found in 1478. No one had come up with a definitive answer as to who won the civil war. Historians were searching for answers through the traditional methods, by studying texts and records of the time, and turning to the contemporaneous accounts of secondary sources. Little scientific understanding of Caesar's Civil War existed before The Sulla Caesarion Expedition. Was Julius Caesar the new emperor? Not at all. Even though Caesar successfully defeated Pompey, he was assassinated a year later.